Gojri one of the oldest and significant languages of the South Asian Sub Continent is a strong case for inclusion into eighth schedule of the constitution of India based on its significance, merit and vivacity.
According to a current analysis the Gojri language is the first language of 20 million people in South Asia and nearly eight million people in India , majority of them in Jammu and Kashmir.
The language which could be easily understood and spoken by the people belonging to the other linguistic groups has not been given due recognition for unspecified reasons. One of the major reasons for the neglect of Gojri could be traced in the lack of emancipation among this particular linguistic group and lack of activation. Several pleas by the groups and individuals espousing the cause have failed to convince the political leadership for inclusion of Gojri into the eighth schedule of the constitution of India thus giving the language the recognition it deserves since very long.
The Government of Jammu and Kashmir has already recognised Gojri by including it in the sixth schedule of the constitution. But due to some reasons the government has not been seen taking up the matter with the Government of India for its inclusion eighth Schedule of the constitution of India.
GUJJARS-THE SPEAKERS OF GOJRI LANGUAGE
The Gujjars appeared on horizon of India in fifth century A.D .History reveals that they have been a brave Tribe of Central Asia .The colourful Culture that spread from Gurjistan (Georgia) to Gujarat in India is still alive despite receiving so many jolts at the hands of time.
The Early History of India says that the Gujjars were early immigrants to t he Indian Sub-continent. Possibly "allied in blood" to the Huns. The Huns were divided into two major groups, White Huns and the Red Hunas. The later invaded Europe while the White Huns went down in to the Oxus Valley and attacked the Kishan Kingdom of Kabul and then poured into India.
The first reference to a separate Gujjar Kingdom is around fifth century AD. There is mention of a Gujjar Kingdom in Rajasthan with Bhilmal as the Capital.
In his book "Geography of Jammu & Kashmir State" Researcher says that before their arrival in the sub-continent they were the inhabitants of Georgia (Gurjia) a territory situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Soviet Union. They left that area and migrated through central Asia , Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan , crossed the Khyber Pass and entered the Sub-continent of India. In the Sub-continent, making a southward march through Baluchistan,- they reached Gujrat,
The name 'Gujarat' is said to have been derived from the Prakrit Gujjar Ratta or Gujjar Rashtra - the land of Gujjars - a tribe that entered India with the Huns in ancient time and wandering through Punjab and Rajasthan, settled in western India .
Most probably in the 5th and 6th century A.D. While in Gujrat they were plagued by a series of serious droughts so they moved out of the plains area and entered the green pastures of the Siwaliks and the Himalayas. Having their place of origin as Georgia and moving towards the Sub-continent of India they named several settlements after their name, e.g. Gujar ( Central Asia), Juzrs (Gurjara), Gujrabad, Gujru, Gujristan, Gujrabas, Gujdar-Kotta, Gujar-Garh, Gujarkhan, Gujranwala in Iran , Afghanistan, Turkmenia, Pakistan and India. Cunningham (1970) is, however, of the opinion that the Gujjars are the descendents of Kusham and Yachi Tribes which are considered to be the tribes of Eastern Tartars (U.S.S.R.).
At present the Gujjars are Found in Following States :-
State /Aprx. Population /Language
· Jammu & Kashmir /
· Himachal Pardesh
· Haryana 22
· Punjab 10 lac
· Utter Paredsh
· Pakistan ,Kashmir
· Punjab Province of Pakistan
· Sindh Province of Pakistan
The Gujjars became nomads in or around11th century, after the Mughuls invasion of their area. Many also became Muslims (convert from Hindu/ Jains). But today their nomadic lifestyle, illiteracy, and general lack of development puts them out of the mainstream of the powerful Muslim society in their area. In India, they are looked down upon by those who consider themselves of a higher caste (social class).
OTHER TRIBE/COMMUNITIES SPEAK GOJRI
· Muslim Jats of Jammu and Kashmir
· Backward classes (Muslims) of Poonch/Rajouri/Udhampur/Doda/Baramulla/Kupwara
· Turk Tribe of Kashmir
· Mir and Qurieshi Tribe of Kashmir
· Hazarwi Tribes
· Peer Panchal Tribes
OTHER TRIBE/COMMUNITIES USE GOJRI AS SECOND LANGUAGE
· Paharis (Musilms)
· Dogri Speaking People of Udhampur
· Kasmiri Speaking people of Poonch, Rajouri, Doda, Baramulla, and Kupwara
· Punjabis of POONCH & RAJOURI
· Hindko Speaking
· Gaddi speaking People
Gojri is one of the ancient languages of India. In well documented pieces of works the historians have traced the origin and practice of Gojri language since BC era. There are several mentions of this language in ancient Religious Books written in and around 1 st century B.C.
Noted Saint Scholar and Hindi Persian Poet Hazrat Amir Khusroo formally made mention Gojri language in the list of Eighteen Indian Languages of his time. Researchers and historians are of considered opinion that Gojri language is the mother of Rajasthani, Gujarati, Urdu and Haryanvi Languages.
Gojri –an offshoot of Indo- Aryan Group of languages, was common language in North west belt of India from 7th to 15th centenary AD during the dawn of Sanskrit and Persian poetry and prose in Indian sub-continent several noted poets and Sufi saints used Gojri to spread their message. According to well researched document the poets and saints who used this language to spread their message were: Saint Noor-ud- Din; Sat Guru (1094 AD); Amir Shah Miran Ji (1494 AD); Shah Bhajan (1397-1508 AD); Qazi Mehmood Daryaee (1419-1545 AD); Ali Jevan Gham Dhani (1565 AD); Buhan –ud-Din Janam (1572 AD); Khub Mahammad Chashti (1539-1614 AD); Adil Shah Sani Jagat Guru (1411 AD); Qutab Shah (1556-1611 AD); Mulana Afzal Pani Patti (1625 AD); Amin Gujrati (1657 AD) Miran Ji Hashmi (1688 AD) et al. These poets and saints known all over India for their unique socio-cultural fraternity used Gojri in their umpteen verses to communicate and spread the message of brotherhood, peace and secularism.
As it continues to be a significant language in the sub continent, the Gojri has remained in prolific practice for more than 10 centuries and has richly contributed to literary traditions and treasure in the forms of Masanavies, Prose, Folk-Lore and Religious Literature.
The Gojri is being widely spoken and is in fact mother tongue of over 20 Million people residing in various parts of India particularly in Jammu and Kashmir,( Pakistan occupied Kashmir), Himachal Pardesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pardesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat and Uttaranchal. Gujjars, Bakerwal, Jats and Hazarwi Tribe whose mother tongue is Gojri have always fought for the cause of their motherland and have paid a pivotal role during India's Independence movement. They have always played commendable and very active roles in various wings of Armed Forces to defend the unity and integrity of India.
RESEARCH, LITERATURE AND COMMUNICATION
· Internationally noted Linguistic Researcher Sir G. A. Gareirson while analysing various languages of India has written a full volume on Gojri Language. In his work Sir has accepted and outlined universal influence of Gojri and its impact on other Indian Languages.
· With Thanks
Tribal Research And Cultural Foundation